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- Created 2012-03-03
that aims to allow applications designed for
to run on
s. Wine also provides a
, known as
, against which developers can
Windows applications to help
them to Unix-like systems.
Wine is a
. It duplicates functions of Windows by providing alternative implementations of the
s that Windows programs call, and a process to substitute for the
. This method of duplication differs from other methods that might also be considered emulation, where Windows programs run in a
. Wine is predominantly written using
reverse-engineering, to avoid
initially was an acronym for
. Its meaning later shifted to the
in order to differentiate the software from other emulators. While the name sometimes appears in the forms
, the project developers have agreed to standardize on the form
The phrase "Wine Is Not an Emulator" is a reference to the fact that no processor code execution emulation occurs when running a Windows app under Wine. "Emulation" usually refers to the execution of compiled code intended for one processor (say, x86) by interpreting/recompiling software running on a different processor (say, PowerPC). Such emulation is almost always much slower than execution of the same code by the processor for which the code was compiled. In Wine, the Windows app's compiled x86 code runs at full native speed on the computer's x86 processor, just as it does when running under Windows. And Windows API calls and services also are not emulated, but rather substituted with Linux equivalents that are compiled for x86 and run at full, native speed.
In a 2007 survey by desktoplinux.com of 38,500 Linux desktop users, 31.5% of respondents reported using Wine to run Windows applications. This plurality was larger than all
programs combined, as well as larger than the 27.9% who reported not running Windows applications.
from Wikipedia (last updated: 21 May), licensed under
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