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- Created 2012-03-12
) consists of the processes in the mind that occur automatically and are not available to introspection, and include thought processes, memory, affect, and motivation. It contains thoughts, memories, and desires that exist well under the surface of
awareness but that still exert a great impact on behavior. The term was coined by the 18th century German romantic philosopher
and later introduced into English by the poet and essayist
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
. The concept was developed and popularized by the Austrian neurologist and
. Empirical evidence suggests that unconscious phenomena include repressed feelings, automatic skills, subliminal perceptions, thoughts, habits, and automatic reactions, and possibly also
, hidden phobias and desires. In
, unconscious processes are understood to be expressed in
s in a symbolical form, as well as in
slips of the tongue
s. Thus the unconscious mind can be seen as the source of dreams and automatic thoughts (those that appear without any apparent cause), the repository of forgotten memories (that may still be accessible to consciousness at some later time), and the locus of implicit knowledge (the things that we have learned so well that we do them without thinking).
It has been argued that
is influenced by other parts of the
. These include unconsciousness as a
. Terms related to semi-consciousness include:
s may signal the presence of unconscious processes, these processes are not the unconscious mind itself, but rather symptoms.
Some critics have doubted the existence of the unconscious.
from Wikipedia (last updated: 20 May), licensed under
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Logic & the Unconscious Mind (An international research project on the relations between unconscious mentation and logic)
The Rediscovery of the Unconscious
Nonconscious Acquisition of Information (a reprint from American Psychologist, 1992)
Philosophy of mind
Molecular cellular cognition
Neuroscience of free will
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