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True Whig Party
- Created 2012-02-20
True Whig Party
, also known as
Liberian Whig Party
, is the oldest
. Founded in 1869, the party dominated Liberian politics from 1878 until 1980 to the extent that the country was virtually a
, although opposition parties were never outlawed. Initially, its ideology was heavily influenced by that of the
The political party was founded in the township of
in 1869. It presided over a society where Black American
s and their descendants were almost 100% of the
s able to vote, and so represented them, often working in tandem with the
. The party endorsed systems of
. In 1930 they sold human labour to Spanish colonialists on
), leading to a five-year U.S. and British boycott of Liberia. Despite this dispute, the
saw them as a stabilizing, unthreatening force and so invested heavily in the nation under
's leadership (1944–1971).
The party lost power after Tubman's successor,
, was killed in an April 1980 military coup by
opposed to his clampdown on the political opposition and his tolerance of
. It was then the opposition's turn to clamp down on the True Whig Party; the vast majority of its members and supporters left the party, but it struggled on as a minor party.
In 1991, the party faced a challenge from a new group calling itself the "National True Whig Party of Liberia," and TWP chairman Momo Fahnbulleh Jones threatened legal action to induce the newly-founded party to change its name.
The party participated in the
2005 general election
as part of the
Coalition for the Transformation of Liberia
, which dissolved the next year. It registered to compete as an individual party in the
2011 general election
, while endorsing President
Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
's bid for a second term. However, the party experienced strife over leadership five months before the election, and it failed to nominate any candidate for any legislative seat.
from Wikipedia (last updated: 22 May), licensed under
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"Liberia Country Study: The True Whig Ascendancy"
"Liberians: An Introduction to their History and Culture"
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