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- Created 2012-02-26
) of Icaria (present-day
) (6th century BC), according to certain
sources and especially
, was the first person ever to appear on stage as an
playing a character in a
(instead of speaking as him or herself). In other sources, he is said to have introduced the first principal actor in addition to the chorus.
Writing nearly two centuries later, Thespis was a singer of
s (songs about stories from mythology with choric
s). Thespis supposedly introduced a new style in which one singer or actor performed the words of individual characters in the stories, distinguishing between the characters with the aid of different masks.
This new style was called
, and Thespis was the most popular exponent of it. Eventually, on November 23, 534 BC, competitions to find the best tragedy were instituted at the
, and Thespis won the first documented competition. Capitalising on his success, Thespis also invented theatrical touring; he would tour various cities while carrying his costumes, masks and other props in a horse-drawn wagon.
from Wikipedia (last updated: 17 June), licensed under
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''Theatre of the Greeks''
Phrynichus (tragic poet)
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