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- Created 2012-02-14
second most populous
United States of America
, and the largest state in the
48 contiguous United States
. Geographically located in the
part of the country, Texas shares an
to the south, and borders the
to the west,
to the north,
to the northeast and
to the east. Texas has an area of 268820 sqmi, and a growing population of 26.1 million residents.
is the largest city in Texas and the
in the United States, while
is the second largest in the state and seventh largest in the United States.
are the fourth and fifth largest
United States metropolitan areas
, respectively. Other major cities include
. Texas is nicknamed the
Lone Star State
to signify Texas as a former independent republic and as a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from Mexico. The "Lone Star" can be found on the Texas state flag and on the Texas state seal today.
Due to its size and geologic features such as the
, Texas contains diverse
that resemble both the American
. Although Texas is popularly associated with the
, less than 10% of the land area is
. Most of the population centers are located in areas of former
, and the
. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal
, to rolling plains and rugged hills, and finally the
and mountains of the
The term "
six flags over Texas
" came from the several nations that had ruled over the territory.
was the first European country to claim the area of Texas. France held a
controlled the territory until 1836 when Texas won its independence, becoming an independent
. In 1845 it joined the United States as the 28th state. The state's
set off a chain of events that caused the
in 1846. A
, Texas declared its secession from the United States in early 1861, joining the
Confederate States of America
American Civil War
. After the war and its restoration to the Union, Texas entered a long period of economic stagnation.
One Texas industry that thrived after the Civil War was
. Due to its long history as a center of the industry, Texas is associated with the image of the cowboy. The state's economic fortunes changed in the early 20th century, when
in the state. With strong investments in universities, Texas developed a diversified
industry in the mid-20th century. As of 2010 it shares the top of the list of the most
companies with California at 57. With a growing base of industry, the state leads in many industries, including agriculture,
. Texas has led the nation in export revenue since 2002 and has the
gross state product
from Wikipedia (last updated: 16 May), licensed under
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The State of Texas
Texas State Databases
Energy Profile for Texas- Economic, environmental, and energy data
USGS real-time, geographic, and other scientific resources of Texas
Texas State Facts
South and West Texas, a National Park Service ''Discover Our Shared Heritage'' Travel Itinerary
The Texas State History Museum
The Handbook of Texas Online
Texas Heritage Society
View historical photographs at the University of Houston Digital Library.
National Register of Historic Places listings in Texas
Gulf of Mexico
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