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- Created 2012-02-14
) is all forms of usually
which, through casual or organised participation, aim to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing
to participants, and in some cases, spectators. Hundreds of sports exist, from those requiring only two participants, through to those with hundreds of simultaneous participants, either in
s or competing as individuals.
Sport is generally recognised as activities which are based in physical
, with the largest major competitions such as the
admitting only sports meeting this definition, and other organisations such as the
Council of Europe
using definitions precluding activities without a physical element from classification as sports. However, a number of competitive, but non-physical, activities claim recognition as mind sports. The International Olympic Committee (through
) recognises both
, the international sports federation association, recognises five non-physical sports, although limits the amount of mind games which can be admitted as sports.
Sports are usually governed by a set of
s, which serve to ensure fair competition, and allow consistent adjudication of the winner. Winning can be determined by physical events such as scoring
or crossing a line first, or by the determination of judges who are scoring elements of the sporting performance, including objective or subjective measures such as technical performance or artistic impression.
In organised sport, records of performance are often kept, and for popular sports, this information may be widely announced or reported in
. In addition, sport is a major source of entertainment for non-participants, with
drawing large crowds to venues, and reaching wider audiences through
According to A.T. Kearney, a consultancy, the global sporting industry is worth up to $620 billion as of 2013.
from Wikipedia (last updated: 04 December), licensed under
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