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- Created 2012-04-08
ˌsaʊθ_dəˈkoʊtə is a state located in the
of the United States. It is named after the
tribes. South Dakota is the
17th most extensive
, but the
5th least populous
and the 5th least densely populated of the
50 United States
. Once the southern portion of the
, South Dakota became a state on November 2, 1889, simultaneously with
is the state capital and
, with a population of about 159,000, is South Dakota's largest city.
South Dakota is bordered by the states of
. The state is bisected by the
, dividing South Dakota into two geographically and socially distinct halves, known to residents as "
" and "West River". Eastern South Dakota is home to most of the state's population, and fertile soil in this area is used to grow a variety of crops. West of the Missouri, ranching is the predominant agricultural activity, and the economy is more dependent on tourism and defense spending. The
, a group of low pine-covered mountains, are located in the southwest part of the state. The Black Hills are sacred to the Sioux.
, a major tourist destination, is located there. Other attractions in the southwest include
Custer State Park
Crazy Horse Memorial
, and historic
. South Dakota experiences a temperate
, with four distinct seasons and precipitation ranging from moderate in the east to semi-arid in the west. The ecology of the state features species typical of a North American
Humans have inhabited the area for several millennia, with the Sioux becoming dominant by the early 19th century. In the late 19th century, European-American settlement intensified after a
in the Black Hills and the construction of railroads from the east. Encroaching miners and settlers caused conflict that triggered a number of
, ending with the
Wounded Knee Massacre
in 1890. Key events in the 20th century included the
, increased federal spending during the 1940s and 50s for agriculture and defense, and an industrialization of agriculture which has much reduced family farming.
have represented South Dakota for multiple terms at the federal level, the state government is largely dominated by the
, whose nominees have carried South Dakota in each of the most recent 12
. Historically dominated by an agricultural economy and a rural lifestyle, South Dakota has recently sought to diversify its economy in areas, including biomedical research and alternative energy fuels, to attract and retain residents. South Dakota's history and rural character still strongly influence the culture of the state.
from Wikipedia (last updated: 10 December), licensed under
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Official website of State of South Dakota
South Dakota Department of Tourism
South Dakota State Databases
Energy Profile for South Dakota
USGS real-time, geographic, and other scientific resources of South Dakota
U.S. Census Bureau
South Dakota State Facts
South Dakota State Historical Society Press
National Register of Historic Places listings in South Dakota
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