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- Created 2012-02-18
is a process where some form of global
or coordination arises out of the local interactions between the components of an initially disordered system. This process is spontaneous: it is not directed or controlled by any agent or subsystem inside or outside of the system; however, the
followed by the process and its
may have been chosen or
by an agent. It is often triggered by random
that are amplified by
. The resulting organization is wholly decentralized or distributed over all the components of the system. As such it is typically very robust and able to survive and self-repair substantial damage or perturbations. In
it is discussed in terms of islands of predictability in a sea of chaotic unpredictability.
Self-organization occurs in a variety of physical, chemical, biological, social and cognitive systems. Common examples are
, the emergence of
patterns in a liquid heated from below,
in groups of animals, and the way
learn to recognize complex patterns.
from Wikipedia (last updated: 13 December), licensed under
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Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self Organization, Göttingen
PDF file on self-organized common law with references
An entry on self-organization at the ''Principia Cybernetica'' site
The Science of Self-organization and Adaptivity
The ''Self-Organizing Systems (SOS) FAQ''
David Griffeath, ''Primordial Soup Kitchen''
nlin.AO, nonlinear preprint archive
Structure and Dynamics of Organic Nanostructures
Metal organic coordination networks of oligopyridines and Cu on graphite
in complex networks''
models for self organization and biological systems''
Computational Mechanics Group
"Organisation must grow" (1939)
The W. Ross Ashby Digital Archive
Cosma Shalizi's notebook on self-organization from 2003-06-20
UCLA Human Complex Systems Program
"Interactions of Actors (IA), Theory and Some Applications" 1993
"Heinz von Foerster's Self-Organisation, the Progenitor of Conversation and Interaction Theories"
The Cybernetics Society
Scott Camazine's webpage on self-organization in biological systems
Mikhail Prokopenko's page on Information-driven Self-organisation (IDSO)
Lakeside Labs Self-Organizing Networked Systems
Gershenson, Carlos. (2007). "Design and control of Self-organizing Systems"
de Boer, Bart. (1999). Self-Organisation in Vowel Systems Vrije Universiteit Brussel AI-lab
Santiago Theory of Cognition
Small World Phenomenon
Bow tie (biology)
Organization of the artist
Edge of chaos
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