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- Created 2012-02-18
is the branch of the
that operates in
, and one of the
. Durable sculptural processes originally used
(the removal of material) and modelling (the addition of material, as clay), in
and other materials but, since
, shifts in sculptural process led to an almost complete freedom of materials and process. A wide variety of materials may be worked by removal such as carving, assembled by
or modelling, or
Sculpture in stone survives far better than works of art in perishable materials, and often represents the majority of the surviving works (other than pottery) from ancient cultures, though conversely traditions of sculpture in wood may have vanished almost entirely. However, most ancient sculpture was brightly painted, and this has been lost.
Sculpture has been central in religious devotion in many cultures, and until recent centuries large sculptures, too expensive for private individuals to create, were usually an expression of religion or politics. Those cultures whose sculptures have survived in quantities include the cultures of the Ancient Mediterranean, India and China, as well as many in South America and Africa.
tradition of sculpture began in
, and Greece is widely seen as producing great masterpieces in the
period. During the Middle Ages,
sculpture represented the agonies and passions of the Christian faith. The revival of classical models in the Renaissance produced famous sculptures such as
. Modernist sculpture moved away from traditional processes and the emphasis on the depiction of the human body, with the making of
, and the presentation of
as finished art works.
from Wikipedia (last updated: 20 May), licensed under
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Essays on sculpture
International Sculpture Center
Stone Carvers Guild of America
Corning Museum of Glass
Weird, Wonderful Modern Sculptures
Cass Sculpture Foundation
Most Expensive Sculpture In The World
History of sculpture
Sculpture of the United States
Outline of sculpture
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