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- Created 2012-02-17
Sassanid Persian Empire
(sæˈseɪniənpron, ˈsæsənɪd; also spelled
), known to its inhabitants as
and resulting in the
, was the last pre-
n Empire, ruled by the Sasanian Dynasty from 224 CE to 651 CE. The Sassanid Empire, which succeeded the
, was recognized as one of the main powers in
, alongside the Roman-Byzantine Empire, for a period of more than 400 years.
The Sassanid Empire was founded by
, after the fall of the
and the defeat of the last Arsacid king, Artabanus V. According to the
Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Asia and Oceania
, "at its largest point in the seventh century the Sassanid Empire included territory in contemporary Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Yemen, Oman, Israel, Lebanon, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Turkey, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and parts of Kazakhstan, Pakistan, India, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Libya, Kyrgyzstan. and Tajikistan. " The native name for the Sassanid Empire in
. According to legend, the
of the Sassanid Empire was the
. It was also hypothesized that the transition toward the Sassanid Empire represents the end of struggle of ethnic proto-Persians with their close migrant ethnic relatives, the
, whose original homeland was in modern-day
The Sassanid empire, during
, is considered to have been one of Persia's/Iran's most important and influential historical periods, and constituted the last great Iranian empire before the
and the adoption of Islam. In many ways, the Sassanid period witnessed the peak of ancient
. Persia influenced Roman civilization considerably during the Sassanid period. The Sassanids' cultural influence extended far beyond the empire's territorial borders, reaching as far as Western Europe,
. It played a prominent role in the formation of both European and Asian medieval art.
from Wikipedia (last updated: 17 May), licensed under
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Sasanika: the History and Culture of Sasanians
The Art of Sassanians, on Iran Chamber Society
ECAI.org ''The Near East in Late Antiquity: The Sasanian Empire''
A Review of Sassanid Images and Inscriptions, on Iran Chamber Society
Sasanians in Africa in Transoxiana 4
Ctesiphon; The capital of the Parthian and the Sassanid empires, on Iran Chamber Society
Islamic Conquest of Persia
Pirooz in China, By Frank Wong
The Sassanian Empire
The Sassanian Empire: Further Reading
Iranologie History of Iran Chapter V: Sasanians
History of Iran on Iran Chamber Society
Livius articles on ancient Persia
Richard Frye "The History of Ancient Iran"
Iransaga: Persian arts through the centuries
Christianity in Ancient Iran: Aba & The Church in Persia, on Iran Chamber Society
Pre-Islamic scripts in Afghanistan
History of silk
Sasanian Family Tree
Catholicoses/Maphryonos of the East
Palace of Ardashir
Persian-Sassanid art patterns
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