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- Created 2012-02-17
('ɒrɨɡən) is a state in the
region of the
. It is located on the
to the north,
to the south,
on the southeast and
to the east. The
rivers delineate much of Oregon's northern and eastern boundaries, respectively. The area was inhabited by many indigenous tribes before the arrival of traders, explorers, and settlers who formed an autonomous government in
in 1843. The
was created in 1848, and Oregon became the 33rd state on February 14, 1859.
Oregon is the
9th most expansive
27th most populous
50 United States
is the state's capital and third-most-populous city;
is the most populous. Portland is the 28th largest U.S. city, with a population of 603,106 (2012 estimate) and a metro population of 2,262,605 (2011 estimate), the 23rd largest U.S. metro area. The
in western Oregon is the state's most densely populated area and is home to eight of the 10 most populous cities.
Oregon contains a diverse landscape including the windswept
, the volcanoes of the rugged and glaciated
Cascade Mountain Range
, many waterfalls (including
dense evergreen forests
at lower elevations, and
across much of the eastern portion of the state, extending into the
. The tall
along the rainy
coast contrast with the lower density and fire-prone
forests covering portions of the
half of the state.
trees are common in the west and
for the conifers;
groves are common in eastern Oregon. Stretching east from
, the state also includes semi-arid
, and meadows.
is the highest point in the state at 11249 ft.
Crater Lake National Park
is the only national park in Oregon.
from Wikipedia (last updated: 12 December), licensed under
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State of Oregon
Oregon Blue Book
Oregon Historical Society
Oregon State Databases
Real-time, geographic, and other scientific resources of Oregon
Oregon State Facts
National Register of Historic Places listings in Oregon
Index of Oregon-related articles
Outline of Oregon
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