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- Created 2012-02-14
) are the leading international sporting event featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes participate in a
variety of competitions
. The Olympic Games are considered to be the world's foremost sports competition with more than 200 nations participating. The Olympic Games are held every four years, with the
alternating, meaning they each occur every four years but two years apart. Their creation was inspired by the
ancient Olympic Games
, which were held in
, from the 8th century BC to the 4th century AD. Baron
Pierre de Coubertin
International Olympic Committee
(IOC) in 1894. The IOC is the governing body of the
, with the
defining its structure and authority.
The evolution of the Olympic Movement during the 20th and 21st centuries has resulted in several changes to the Olympic Games. Some of these adjustments include the creation of the Winter Games for ice and winter sports, the
for athletes with a disability, and the
Youth Olympic Games
for teenage athletes. The IOC has had to adapt to a variety of economic, political, and technological advancements. As a result, the Olympics shifted away from pure amateurism, as envisioned by Coubertin, to allow participation of professional athletes. The growing importance of mass media created the issue of corporate sponsorship and commercialization of the Games. World wars led to the cancellation of the 1916, 1940, and 1944 Games. Large boycotts during the
limited participation in the 1980 and 1984 Games.
The Olympic Movement consists of
international sports federations
National Olympic Committee
s (NOCs), and organizing committees for each specific Olympic Games. As the decision-making body, the IOC is responsible for choosing the host city for each celebration of the Games. The host city is responsible for organizing and funding the Games consistent with the Olympic Charter. The Olympic program, consisting of the
to be contested at the Games, is determined by the IOC. There are several Olympic rituals and symbols, such as the
and torch, as well as the
opening and closing ceremonies
. Over 13,000 athletes compete at the Summer and Winter Olympic Games in 33 different sports and nearly 400 events. The first, second, and third place finishers in each event receive
s: gold, silver, and bronze, respectively.
The Games have grown in scale to the point that nearly every nation is represented. Such growth has created numerous challenges, including
acts of terrorism
. Every two years the Olympics and its media exposure provide unknown athletes with the chance to attain national, and sometimes international fame. The Games also constitute an opportunity for the host city and country to showcase themselves to the world.
from Wikipedia (last updated: 03 December), licensed under
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New York Times Interactive of all the medals in the Modern Olympics
All the daily program and the results of the Olympics
insidethegames – the latest and most up to date news and interviews from the world of Olympic, Commonwealth and Paralympic Games
ATR – Around the Rings – the Business Surrounding the Olympics
History of Olympics to the Present Day
Reference book about all Olympic Medalists of all times
Goddess Nike and the Olympic Games: Excellence, Glory and Strife
Olympic Day Run
Art competitions at the Olympic Games
Pierre de Coubertin medal
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