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- Created 2012-03-11
refers to the sum total of the elements of
types, together with associated geological structures and formations (
Heritage is that which is
from past generations, maintained in the present, and bestowed to future generations. The term "natural heritage", derived from "natural inheritance", pre-dates the term "
. " It is a less scientific term and more easily comprehended in some ways by the wider audience interested in
The term was used in this context in the United States when
set up the Georgia Heritage Trust while he was governor of
; Carter's trust dealt with both natural and cultural heritage,. It would appear that Carter picked the term up from
, who used it in a 1966 Message to
. (He may have gotten the term from his wife
Lady Bird Johnson
who was personally interested in conservation.) President Johnson signed the
Wilderness Act of 1964
The term "Natural Heritage" was picked up by the Science Division of
The Nature Conservancy
when, under Dr. Robert E. Jenkins, Jr., it launched in 1974 what ultimately became the network of state natural heritage programs -- one in each state, all using the same
and all supported permanently by state governments because they scientifically document conservation priorities and facilitate science-based environmental reviews. When this network was extended outside the United States, the term "Conservation Data Center (or Centre)" was suggested by Guillermo Mann and came to be preferred for programs outside the US. Despite the name difference, these programs, too, use the same core methodology as the 50 state natural heritage programs.
from Wikipedia (last updated: 04 December), licensed under
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