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- Created 2012-02-26
used to denote principles that should guide good scientific research.
According to the CUDOS principles, the scientific ethos should be governed by Communalism, Universalism, Disinterestedness, Originality and Skepticism.
CUDOS is based on the
introduced in 1942 by
Robert K. Merton
. Merton described "four sets of institutional imperatives [comprising] the ethos of modern science": "universalism, communalism, disinterestedness, and organized skepticism. " These four terms could already be arranged to form CUDOS, but "originality" was not part of Merton's list.
In contemporary academic debate the modified definition outlined below is the most widely used (e.g. Ziman 2000).
entails that scientific results are the common property of the entire scientific community (Trounce, 2013)
means that all scientists can contribute to science regardless of race, nationality, culture, or gender (JRD BOSS, 2013)
according to which scientists are supposed to act for the benefit of a common scientific enterprise, rather than for personal gain.
requires that scientific claims contribute something new, whether a new problem, a new approach, new data, a new theory or a new explanation.
means that scientific claims must be exposed to
before being accepted.
The similar sounding term
is derived from classical Greek and means fame and renown resulting from an act of achievement; and by extension is often used as a praising remark.
from Wikipedia (last updated: 19 May), licensed under
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Robert K. Merton
Philosophy of science
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