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- Created 2012-03-13
, also translated as
) is an honorary
, also in some other
states, as well as in a number of
The title is awarded by a national government to actors, directors, film makers, writers, dancers, singers, painters, architects, etc., for exceptional achievements in arts.
The honorary title was originally modeled after
honorific title for distinguished
s. Historically, the title was bestowed by princes or kings, when it was styled
. In Imperial Russia before 1917, several stars of stage and film were honored with the title "Imperial singer", but after the Soviet Revolution of 1917, the new government made changes and established the title of the Meritorious
of the USSR or
The term is confusingly used to translate two different Russian language titles: "заслуженный артист" (literally
, but better rendered as
, etc., awarded in
) and "заслуженный художник" (awarded in some
). Both titles are awarded for exceptional achievements in the corresponding arts.
Some other arts gave rise to special titles:
In modern Russia, the term
applied to performing arts, and the title
Meritorious Worker of Arts
is the translation of the Russian honorary title
zasluzhenny deyatel iskusstv
is applied to non-performing people, including visual artists, composers, etc.
from Wikipedia (last updated: 23 May), licensed under
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Merited Artist of Ukraine
Merited Artist of Albania
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