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- Created 2012-02-15
vocal music composition, usually a
, of the
; the number of voices varies from two to eight, and most frequently from three to six. It is quite distinct from the
Italian Trecento madrigal
of the late 13th and 14th centuries, with which it shares only the name.
Madrigals originated in Italy during the
. Unlike many
s of the time, most madrigals were
. In the madrigal, the composer attempted to express the emotion contained in each line, and sometimes individual words, of a celebrated poem.
The madrigal originated in part from the
, in part from the resurgence in interest in vernacular Italian poetry, and also from the influence of the French
and polyphonic style of the
as written by the Franco-Flemish composers who had naturalized in Italy during the period. A frottola generally would consist of music set to stanzas of text, while madrigals were through-composed. However, some of the same poems were used for both frottola and madrigals. The poetry of
in particular shows up in a wide variety of genres.
In Italy, the madrigal was the most important secular form of music of its time. The madrigal reached its formal and historical zenith by the second half of the 16th century. English and German composers, too, took up the madrigal in its heyday. After the 1630s, the madrigal began to merge with the
. With the rise of
in the early 17th century, the
gradually displaced the madrigal.
from Wikipedia (last updated: 05 December), licensed under
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free recordings of English Madrigals
free recordings of German Lieds
free recordings of Spanish Madrigals
Umeå Akademiska Kör
Choral Public Domain Library
St Andrews University Madgroup
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