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List of counties in Maine
- Created 2012-04-28
This is a list of the sixteen
. Before statehood, Maine was officially part of the state of
and was called the
District of Maine
. Maine was granted statehood on March 15, 1820 as part of the
. Nine of the sixteen counties had their borders defined while Maine was still part of Massachusetts, and hence are older than the state itself. Even after 1820, the exact location of the northern border of Maine was disputed with
, until the question was settled and the northern counties took their final, official form by the
, signed in 1842. Almost all of
was disputed land until the treaty was signed.
The first county to be created was
, created as
York County, Massachusetts
by the government of the
Massachusetts Bay Colony
in 1652 to govern territories it claimed in southern Maine. No new counties have been created since 1860, when
were created. The most populous counties tend to be located in the southeastern portion of the state, along the Atlantic seaboard. The largest counties in terms of land area are inland. Maine's county names derive from a mix of British, American, and Native American sources, reflecting Maine's pre-colonial, colonial, and national heritage.
Federal Information Processing Standard
(FIPS) code, which is used by the United States government to uniquely identify states and counties, is provided with each entry. Maine's code is 23, which when combined with any county code would be written as 23XXX. The FIPS code for each county links to census data for that county.
from Wikipedia (last updated: 10 December), licensed under
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