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Leonardo da Vinci
- Created 2012-03-23
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci
(leoˈnardo da ˈvintʃi) (April 15, 1452 – May 2, 1519,
) was an
: painter, sculptor, architect, musician, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist,
, and writer. His
, perhaps more than that of any other figure, epitomized the Renaissance humanist ideal.
Leonardo has often been described as the archetype of the
, a man of "unquenchable curiosity" and "feverishly inventive imagination". He is widely considered to be one of the
painters of all time and perhaps the most diversely talented person ever to have lived. According to art historian
, the scope and depth of his interests were without precedent and "his mind and personality seem to us superhuman, the man himself mysterious and remote". Marco Rosci states that while there is much speculation about Leonardo, his vision of the world is essentially logical rather than mysterious, and that the empirical methods he employed were unusual for his time.
out of wedlock
, Piero da Vinci, and a peasant woman, Caterina, at
in the region of
, Leonardo was educated in the studio of the renowned Florentine painter,
. Much of his earlier working life was spent in the service of
Ludovico il Moro
. He later worked in
, and he spent his last years in France at the home awarded him by
Leonardo was, and is, renowned primarily as a painter. Among his works, the
is the most famous and most parodied portrait and
The Last Supper
the most reproduced religious painting of all time, with their fame approached only by
The Creation of Adam
. Leonardo's drawing of the
is also regarded as a
, being reproduced on items as varied as the euro, textbooks, and T-shirts. Perhaps fifteen of his paintings survive, the small number because of his constant, and frequently disastrous, experimentation with new techniques, and his chronic procrastination. Nevertheless, these few works, together with his notebooks, which contain drawings, scientific diagrams, and his thoughts on the nature of painting, compose a contribution to later generations of artists rivalled only by that of his contemporary,
Leonardo is revered for his technological ingenuity. He conceptualised a
, a calculator, and the
, and he outlined a rudimentary theory of
. Relatively few of his designs were constructed or were even feasible during his lifetime, but some of his smaller inventions, such as an automated
winder and a machine for testing the
of wire, entered the world of manufacturing unheralded. He made important discoveries in
, but he did not publish his findings and they had no direct influence on later science.
from Wikipedia (last updated: 23 May), licensed under
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