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- Created 2012-02-24
generally occurring after the
, marked by the prevalent use of iron.
The early period of the age is characterized by the widespread use of
. The adoption of such material coincided with other changes in society, including differing agricultural practices, religious beliefs and artistic styles. The
as an archaeological term indicates the condition as to civilization and culture of a people using iron as the material for their cutting tools and weapons. The
is the third principal period of the
(1788–1865) for classifying ancient societies and prehistoric stages of progress.
of the Iron Age includes the earliest texts preserved in manuscript tradition.
flourished in the Iron Age. Other texts include the
s, the Indian
s and the oldest parts of the
. The principal feature that distinguishes the Iron Age from the preceding ages is the introduction of
, and the consequent
development of written language
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from:-9300 till:-3250 shift:(0,7) text:
from:-9300 till:-3250 shift:(0,-7) text:
from: -3250 till: -1200 text:
from: -1200 till: 600 text:
Dates are approximate, consult particular article for details
The beginning of the Iron Age in Europe and adjacent areas is characterized by certain forms of implements, weapons, personal ornaments, and pottery, and also by systems of decorative design, which are altogether different from those of the preceding age of bronze. The work of
s—developing implements and weapons—are hammered into shape, and, as a consequence, gradually departed from the stereotyped forms of their predecessors in the Bronze Age, of which objects were
, and the system of decoration, which in the Bronze Age consisted chiefly of a repetition of
, gave way to a system of
and flowing designs. The term "
" has low chronological value, because it did not begin simultaneously across the entire world. The dates and context vary depending on the region, and the sequence of ages is not necessarily true for every part of the earth's surface. There are areas, such as the islands of the South Pacific, the interior of Africa, and parts of North and South America, where peoples have passed directly from the use of stone to the use of iron without an intervening age of bronze.
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