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- Created 2012-02-14
is a team sport played on ice in which
use sticks to
a hard rubber
into their opponent's net to score points. In some countries, such as
, it is known as "hockey"; the name "ice hockey" is used in countries where "hockey" generally refers to
A team usually consists of four lines of three forwards, three pairs of defensemen, and two goalies. Five members of each team skate up and down the ice trying to take the puck and score a
against the opposing team. Each team has a
who tries to stop the puck from going into the goal.
A fast-paced physical sport, hockey is most popular in areas of
and northern parts of the
. In North America, the
National Hockey League
(NHL) is the highest level for men's hockey and the most popular. It is the official
national winter sport
of Canada, where the game enjoys immense popularity. The first organized game was played on March 3, 1875, in
162 of 177 medals at the
IIHF World Championships
have been taken by seven nations:
the Czech Republic
the United States
. Of the 66 medals awarded in men's competition at the
, only six medals did not go to one of those countries. All 12 Olympic and 36
IIHF World Women's Championships
medals have gone to one of these seven countries, and every gold medal in both competitions has been won by either
from Wikipedia (last updated: 06 December), licensed under
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SIHR – The Origins of Hockey
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