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- Created 2012-02-26
(US ˌɡwɑːtəˈmɑːlə, UK ˌɡwætɪˈmɑːlə), officially the
Republic of Guatemala
República de Guatemala
reˈpuβlika ðe ɣwateˈmala), is a country in
to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest,
to the northeast, the
to the east, and
to the southeast. Its area is 108,890 km
) with an estimated population of 13,276,517.
, its capital is Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción, also known as
. The former
n civilization was a
civilization, which continued throughout the Post-Classic period until the
arrival of the Spanish
. They had lived in Guatemala, Honduras, Belize, the southern part of Mexico and eastern parts of El Salvador.
Guatemala's abundance of biologically significant and unique ecosystems contributes to Mesoamerica's designation as a
After independence, it was ruled by a series of dictators, assisted by the
United Fruit Company
government. From 1960 to 1996, Guatemala underwent a
fought between the government and leftist rebels. Following the war, Guatemala has witnessed both economic growth and successful democratic elections. In the most recent election, held in 2011,
Otto Pérez Molina
won the presidency.
The name "Guatemala" comes from
, "place of many trees", a translation of
, "many trees". This was the name the
soldiers who accompanied
Pedro de Alvarado
during the Spanish Conquest gave to this territory.
from Wikipedia (last updated: 21 May), licensed under
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