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- Created 2012-02-26
, officially the
Republic of Guatemala
República de Guatemala
reˈpuβlika ðe ɣwateˈmala), is a country in
to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest,
to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east,
to the east and
to the southeast. Its area is 108,890 km
(42,043 sqmi) with an estimated population of 13,276,517.
, its capital is Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción, also known as
. The former
n civilization was a
civilization, which continued throughout the Post-Classic period until the
arrival of the Spanish
. They had lived in Guatemala, Honduras, Belize, the southern part of Mexico and eastern parts of El Salvador.
Guatemala's abundance of biologically significant and unique ecosystems contributes to Mesoamerica's designation as a
After independence from Spain in 1821, Guatemala was a part of the
Federal Republic of Central America
and after its dissolution the country suffered much of the political instability that characterized the region during mid to late 19th century. Early in the 20th century, Guatemala had a mixture of democratic governments as well as a series of dictators, the last of which were frequently assisted by the
United Fruit Company
and the United States government. From 1960 to 1996, Guatemala underwent a
fought between the government and leftist rebels. Following the war, Guatemala has witnessed both economic growth and successful democratic elections. In the most recent election, held in 2011,
Otto Pérez Molina
won the presidency.
from Wikipedia (last updated: 07 December), licensed under
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