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Founding Fathers of the United States
- Created 2012-02-14
Founding Fathers of the United States of America
were political leaders and statesmen who participated in the
by signing the
United States Declaration of Independence
, taking part in the
American Revolutionary War
, and establishing the
United States Constitution
. Within the large group known as the "Founding Fathers", there are two key subsets: the Signers of the Declaration of Independence (who signed the United States Declaration of Independence in 1776) and the Framers of the Constitution (who were delegates to the
and took part in framing or drafting the proposed Constitution of the United States). A further subset is the group that signed the
Articles of Confederation
Many of the Founding Fathers owned
slaves and the Constitution adopted in 1787 sanctioned the system of slavery. The Founding Fathers made successful efforts to contain or limit slavery throughout the United States and territories, including banning slavery in the
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
, and abolishing the international slave trade in 1807.
Some historians define the "Founding Fathers" to mean a larger group, including not only the Signers and the Framers but also all those who, whether as politicians, jurists, statesmen, soldiers, diplomats, or ordinary citizens, took part in winning American independence and creating the United States of America. Historian
Richard B. Morris
in 1973 identified the following seven figures as the key Founding Fathers:
. Three of these (Hamilton, Madison and Jay) were authors of the
, advocating ratification of the Constitution.
The phrase 'Founding Fathers' was coined by
Warren G. Harding
, then a Republican Senator from Ohio, in his keynote address to the
1916 Republican National Convention
. He used it several times thereafter, most prominently in his 1921 inaugural address as President of the United States.
from Wikipedia (last updated: 01 December), licensed under
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NARA – America's founding fathers (retrieved 09-20-2010)
Encyclopaedia Britannica, The Founding Fathers and Slavery (retrieved 09-20-2010)
What Happened to the Signers of the Declaration of Independence? (retrieved 09-20-2010)
"What Would the Founding Fathers Do Today?" (retrieved 09-20-2010)
''Booknotes'' interview with Bernard Bailyn on ''To Begin the World Anew'', March 23, 2003.
History of the United States Constitution
Rights of Englishmen
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