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- Created 2012-03-02
includes both traditional
and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival. The term originated in the 19th century but is often applied to music that is older than that. Some types of folk music are also called
Traditional folk music
has been defined in several ways: as music transmitted by mouth, as music of the lower classes, and as music with unknown composers. It has been contrasted with commercial and classical styles. One meaning often given is that of old songs, with no known composers; another is music that has been transmitted and evolved by a process of
or performed by custom over a long period of time.
Starting in the mid-20th century a new form of popular folk music evolved from traditional folk music. This process and period is called the (second) folk revival and reached a
in the 1960s. This form of music is sometimes called
contemporary folk music
folk revival music
to distinguish it from earlier folk forms. Smaller similar revivals have occurred elsewhere in the world at other times, but the term folk music has typically not been applied to the new music created during those revivals. This type of folk music also includes fusion genres such as
, and others. While contemporary folk music is a genre generally distinct from traditional folk music, in English it shares the same name, and it often shares the same performers and venues as traditional folk music. Even individual songs may be a blend of the two.
from Wikipedia (last updated: 11 December), licensed under
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The World and Traditional Music section at the British Library Sound Archive
The Traditional Music in England project, World and Traditional Music section at the British Library Sound Archive
The Mudcat Cafe and Digital Tradition song database
Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Folk Music
The Crooked Road: Heritage music trail
Ben Gray Lumpkin Digital Folk Music Collection
Free scores (songs) at www.traditional-songs.com
Folk Radio UK
Welsh Ballads Website
Anthology of American Folk Music
The Voice of the People
Canadian Folk Music Awards
Roud Folk Song Index
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