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- Created 2012-02-18
Guerra del Atlántico Sur
), also known as the
, was a 1982 war between
. The conflict resulted from the long-standing
dispute over the sovereignty of the Falkland Islands
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
, which lie in the
, east of Argentina.
The Falklands War began on Friday 2 April 1982, when Argentine forces
occupied the Falkland Islands
and South Georgia. The British government dispatched a naval
to engage the
, and retake the islands by
The resulting conflict lasted 74 days and ended with the Argentine surrender on 14 June 1982, which returned the islands to British control. During the conflict, 649 Argentine military personnel, 255 British military personnel and 3 Falkland Islanders died.
The conflict was the result of a protracted
regarding the sovereignty of the islands. Argentina has asserted that the
have been Argentinian territory since the 19th century and, shows no sign of relinquishing the claim. The claim was added to the
after its reformation in 1994. As such, the Argentine government characterised their initial invasion as the re-occupation of their own territory, whilst the British government saw it as an invasion of a
British dependent territory
However, neither state officially
and hostilities were almost exclusively limited to the territories under dispute and the local area of the South Atlantic.
The conflict had a strong impact in both countries. Patriotic sentiment ran high in Argentina, but the outcome prompted large protests against the
ruling military government
, which hastened its downfall. In the United Kingdom, Prime Minister
's government was bolstered by the successful outcome.
The war has played an important role in the culture of both countries, and has been the subject of several books, scholarly articles, films, and songs.
Over time, the cultural and political weight of the conflict has had less effect on the British public than on that of Argentina, where the war is still a topic of discussion.
Relations between the United Kingdom and Argentina were restored in 1989 following a meeting in Madrid, at which the two Governments issued a joint statement which explicitly did not change either side's position on sovereignty.
from Wikipedia (last updated: 23 May), licensed under
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Falkland Islands History Roll of Honour
Falklands Roundtable—Ronald Reagan Oral History Project, Scripps Library
Falklands War History, containing articles, documents and timeline
Film ''Iluminados por el fuego'' regarding Argentine veterans suicide
MoD 25th Anniversary
South Atlantic Medal Association 1982 (SAMA82)
Naval-History.Net – "Battle Atlas of the Falklands War 1982"
An interview with CL (R) Ing. Julio Pérez, chief designer of Exocet truck-based launcher
Comisión de Análisis y Evaluación de las responsabilidades en el conflicto del Atlántico Sur
Brinkmanship Decision-Making and Hidden Grief:Argentina and the Falklands/Malvinas, 1982
ex-7th Argentine Infantry Regiment veterans
Emotional Actor: Foreign Policy Decision-Making in the 1982 Falklands/Malvinas War
Extensive CBS Radio newscasts plus recordings from shortwave stations during the war including the BBC, Radio Atlantico del Sur and an Argentina clandestine station (Liberty)
Re-establishment of British rule on the Falklands (1833)
Argentine naval forces in the Falklands War
Argentine ground forces in the Falklands War
Falkland Islands sovereignty dispute
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