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- Created 2012-02-27
was a series of events in 16th century
by which the
Church of England
broke away from the authority of the
Roman Catholic Church
These events were, in part, associated with the wider process of the European
, a religious and political movement that affected the practice of
across most of
during this period. Many factors contributed to the process: the decline of
and the rise of
, the rise of the
, the invention of the
and increased circulation of the
, the transmission of new knowledge and ideas among scholars and the upper and middle classes. However, the various phases of the English Reformation, which also covered
, were largely driven by changes in government policy, to which public opinion gradually accommodated itself.
's desire for an annulment of his marriage, the English Reformation was at the outset more of a political affair than a theological dispute. The reality of political differences between Rome and England allowed growing theological disputes to come to the fore.
Immediately before the break with Rome, it was the Pope and general councils of the church that decided
. Church law was governed by the
code of canon law
with final jurisdiction in Rome.
Church taxes were paid straight to Rome, and the Pope had final say over appointment of bishops. The split from Rome made the
of the English church by
, thereby making the
Church of England
of the nation. Doctrinal and legal disputes now rested with the monarch, and the papacy was deprived of revenue and the final say on the appointment of bishops.
The structure and theology of the church was a matter of fierce dispute for generations. These disputes were finally ended by a coup d'état (the "
") in 1688, from which emerged a church polity with an established church and a number of
churches whose members at first suffered various civil disabilities only removed over time, as did the substantial minority who remained Roman Catholic in England, whose church organisation remained illegal until the 19th century.
from Wikipedia (last updated: 03 December), licensed under
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Volume I, Part II
Volume II, Part II
Volume III, Part II
Vol. I, Pt. I
Vol. I, Pt. II
Vol. II, Pt. I
Vol. II, Pt. II
Vol. III, Pt. I
Vol. III, Pt. II
Vol. II., Pt. II
History of England
Dissolution of the Monasteries
Charter of Liberties
Concordat of Worms
Statutes of Mortmain
Religion in England
Reformation in Switzerland
Roman Catholicism in England and Wales
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