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- Created 2012-03-09
is the sedimentary
that is the
of west equatorial Africa. The basin begins in the highlands of the
East African Rift
system with input from the Chambeshi River, the Uele and Ubangi Rivers in the upper reaches and the Lualaba River draining wetlands in the middle reaches. Due to the young age and active uplift of the East African Rift at the headlands, the river's yearly sediment load is very large but the drainage basin occupies large areas of low relief throughout much of its area. The basin is a total of 3.7 million square kilometers and is home to some of the largest undisturbed stands of
on the planet, in addition to large wetlands. The basin ends where the river empties its load in the
Gulf of Guinea
. The climate is equatorial tropical, with two rainy seasons including very high rainfalls, and high temperature year round. The basin is home to the endangered
western lowland gorilla
The basin was originally the watershed of the Congo River populated by
s migrated there from
and eventually founded the
Kingdom of Kongo
over the entire region by the late 19th century.
from Wikipedia (last updated: 23 May), licensed under
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