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- Created 2012-02-26
is an identifiable religious body under a common name, structure, and doctrine within
. In the
, churches are divided often along ethnic and linguistic lines, into separate churches and traditions. Technically, divisions between one group and another are defined by doctrine and church authority. Issues such as the
nature of Jesus
, the authority of
separate one denomination from another.
is the largest Christian denomination with over 1.1 billion members, over half of all Christians worldwide, making it the world's second largest religious denomination after
Islam (although the church does not view itself as a denomination, but as the original pre-denominational church).
denominations comprise roughly 38–39% of Christians worldwide, and together the Catholics, Protestants,
, and other closely related denominations comprise
Eastern Orthodox Church
Oriental Orthodox Churches
Assyrian Church of the East
denominations. Western Christian denominations prevail in
and its former colonies. Eastern Christian denominations are represented mostly in
Christians have various doctrines about the Church, the body of faithful that they believe was established by Jesus Christ, and how the divine church corresponds to Christian denominations. Both the Catholics and the Eastern Orthodox consider each of themselves solely to faithfully represent the
One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church
to the exclusion of the other. Protestants separated from the Catholic Church because of
that they considered to be in violation of their interpretation. Generally, members of the various denominations acknowledge each other as Christians, at least to the extent that they have mutually recognized
s and acknowledge historically
views including the
Divinity of Jesus
and doctrines of
, even though doctrinal and ecclesiological obstacles hinder
full communion between churches
Since the reforms surrounding
, the Catholic Church has referred to Protestant communities as "denominations", while reserving the term "church" for
, including the Eastern Orthodox (see
). There are however some
who do not follow any particular branch.
from Wikipedia (last updated: 12 December), licensed under
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