Give us Feedback!
Set the category for this topic
Arts & Culture
Biology & Nature
Business & Companies
Food & Drink
Geography & Travel
Health & Medicine
History & Events
Religion & Philosophy
Society & Politics
Technology & Computing
Transportation & Vehicles
- Created 2012-02-18
(historic and regional
for "Californian") is a term used to identify a
people, or of
descent, regardless of race, born in California from the first Spanish colonies established by the
in 1769 to the
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
in 1848, in which Mexico ceded California to the United States. Descendants of Californios are also sometimes referred to as Californios. The much larger population of
indigenous peoples of California
were not Californios because they were not native Spanish-speakers. Neither were the significant numbers of non-Spanish-speaking California-born children of resident foreigners.
The military, religious and civil components of pre-1848 Californio society were embodied in the thinly populated
s, missions, pueblos and
. Until they were secularized in the 1830s, the twenty-one
Spanish Missions of California
, with their thousands of more or less captive native converts, controlled the most (about 1000000 acre per Mission) and best land, had large numbers of workers, grew the most crops and had the most sheep, cattle and horses. After secularization, most of the Mission lands were divided up into new ranchos and granted to Mexican citizens (including many Californios) resident in California.
The Spanish colonial and later Mexican national governments encouraged settlers from the Northern and western provinces of Mexico, as well people from other parts of
, most notably
, to settle in California. They encouraged new settlers to become Spanish and/or Mexican citizens, including suggested conversion to the Roman Catholic Church.
from Wikipedia (last updated: 16 June), licensed under
What do you know about this topic?
Please make sure to only add personal information and experiences about this topic that complements the article above. Comments or opinions should be posted at the bottom of the page by clicking
. Thanks alot for contributing!
...or create an Experience Page
Currently no applications. Add an application using the contribute box to the right.
Let People Vote
Ask a Question
''Californios, a People and a Culture''
"A History of Mexican Americans in California,"
Five Views: An Ethnic Historic Site Survey for California
Guide to the Amador, Yorba, López, and Cota families correspondence.
Guide to the Orange County Californio Families Portrait Photograph Album.
No related topics added yet...
Add new image
Add image by copy and paste a link:
Add external link
Links to external pages
Add related topic
Links to related topics
Copyright 2011 © Empedia.com BETA
Forgot your password?