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- Created 2012-03-03
(bɾaˈziʎɐ) is the
and the seat of government of the
. Administratively, the city is located in the
which is in the
. Physically, it is located in the
. It has a population of about 2,562,963 (3,716,996 in the metropolitan area) as of the 2008
estimate, making it the fourth largest city in Brazil. However, as a
, it ranks lower at sixth in population. Brasília is the largest city in the world that did not exist at the beginning of the 20th century.
Brasília has the fifth largest
among Latin American cities and the third in Brazil. At around R$62,000
(equal to approximately $30,900
s), the city's
income is the highest among Brazil's largest cities.
As the national capital, Brasília is the seat of all three branches of the
federal government of Brazil
. The city also hosts the headquarters of many Brazilian companies. Planning policies such as the location of residential buildings around expansive urban areas, as well as building the city around large avenues and dividing it into sectors, have sparked a debate and reflection on life in big cities in the 20th century. The city's design divides it into numbered blocks as well as sectors for specified activities, such as the Hotel Sector, the Banking Sector or the Embassy Sector. Brasília hosts 124 foreign
The city was planned and developed in 1956 with
as the principal urban planner,
as the principal architect and
Roberto Burle Marx
as the landscape designer. Brasília is in the Unesco's World Hertitage List due to its architecture. On April 22, 1960, it formally became Brazil's national capital. Viewed from above, the main portion of the city resembles an airplane or a butterfly. The city is commonly referred to as
, or simply
. Residents of Brasília are known as
(the latter referring to those not born in the city but who migrated there after it was established).
In local usage, the word "Brasília" usually refers only to the First Administrative Region (
) within the
(Distrito Federal), where the most important government buildings are located. Brasília has a unique status in Brazil, as it is an administrative division rather than a legal municipality like nearly all
cities in Brazil
. Nationally, the term is almost always used synonymously with the Federal District, which constitutes an indivisible
, analogous to a state. Several "satellite cities" exist which are also part of the Federal District.
Brasília International Airport
is the main airport in Brasília, connecting the capital to all major Brazilian cities and many international destinations. It is the third most important airport in Brazil, in terms of passengers and aircraft movements.
from Wikipedia (last updated: 17 May), licensed under
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Brasília's Official Guide
Conceived by an Italian saint, Brasilia is the world’s most striking capital city
GigaPan Panoramic Photographs and Info About Brasilia
Brasília e Região Convention & Visitors Bureau
Official Brasília site
Photos 360° of Brasilia – GUIABSB
Metro Company of Brasília
Some photos of Brasília
Flag of the Brazilian Federal District
Coat of arms of the Brazilian Federal District
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