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- Created 2012-03-13
is one of three
s (the African, Arabian and Indian crustal
) which have been moving northward over millions of years and colliding with the
. This is resulting in a mingling of plate pieces and mountain ranges extending in the west from the Pyrenees, crossing southern Europe and to Iran forming the Alborz and Zagros Mountains, to the
and ranges of southeast Asia.
The Arabian Plate consists mostly of the Arabian
; it extends northward to
. The plate borders are:
East, with the
, at the
Owen Fracture Zone
South, with the
to the west and the
to the east
West, a left lateral
boundary with the
Dead Sea Transform
(DST), and a divergent boundary with the African Plate called the
Red Sea Rift
which runs the length of the Red Sea;
The Arabian Plate was part of the African plate during much of the
), until the
Epoch of the Cenozoic Era. Red Sea rifting began in the
, but the separation of Africa and Arabia occurred in the Oligocene, and since then the Arabian Plate has been slowly moving toward the Eurasian Plate.
The collision between the Arabian Plate and Eurasia is pushing up the
Because the Arabian Plate and Eurasia plate collide, many cities are in danger such as those in south eastern Turkey (which is on the Arabian Plate). These dangers include earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanoes.
from Wikipedia (last updated: 10 December), licensed under
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